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Report Writing
The structure of technical reports

Examples of good and poor Conclusion sections

An example of a good conclusion section from a design/feasability report

"Easy Tap' is suitable for all outside taps throughout Australia, as is suits tap handles with a diameter of less than 18 mm at their widest point. Provided users do not overtighten the tap valve; this solution successfully eliminates the difficulty of operating an outdoor garden tap. The solution is economically viable, due to its simple construction and the use of inexpensive materials and construction methods. An approximate cost of $2.64 has been estimated for materials, thus a retail price in the $5 to $10 price range is envisaged. This price covers all costs and includes a reasonable profit margin; the results of a representative consumer survey suggest suitable demand for the product in this price range.

"Easy Tap" satisfies all of the restrictions as described in section 1.3, and satisfies the outcomes described in section 1.6. It is a light, maneuverable, durable and inexpensive solution. The "Easy Tap" successfully eliminates the difficulty of operating an outdoor tap, regardless of the tap's condition, the user's strength, the original handle size and the environmental conditions. "Easytap" is a possible and commercially viable solution for this design problem.
Major conclusion

reference to aims and objectivesadvantages of the findings

support provided for previous point

authors’ evaluation of the design

An example of a POOR conclusion section from a design/feasability report

When camping, there is a need to move around at night and there is also a need for a product that keeps the camper warm and dry while moving around. From assessment of the design problem and close scrutiny of the possible solutions, it is clear that the most feasable solution is to design a sleeping bag with legs and other features known as ‘The Sleepsuit’. It has many features that make it desirable to campers. It is also expected to make high profits. reference to the design problem

No support given for choice

No detailing of information that has allowed the author/s to reach these general conclusions

An example of a good conclusion section from a feasability/recommendation report

Advanced ceramic materials such as zirconia have great potential as substitutes for traditional materials in many engineering applications. To date, the achievement of a consistently reliable product quality has entailed high manufacturing costs which has impacted on the commercial viability of production. Microwave sintering, a new method, seems to have overcome these problems. It produces product quality that is consistent and reliable. In addition, there is some evidence that the mechanical properties of microwave-sintered ceramics are superior to those of conventionally-sintered ceramics. The use of rapid volumetric heating in microwave sintering as opposed to the conventional method of slow controlled high temperature heating and cooling results in lower production costs because of the short heating and the reduced processing cycle. The reduced processing cycle also allows a higher production rate. In addition, the equipment for microwave sintering is also less costly than that required for conventional processes and requires less maintenance. In terms of energy usage, microwave sintering is also significantly less costly: calculations of energy savings range from 25 to 95 %. These results lead to the conclusion that microwave sintering is a superior method of processing advanced ceramic material than the conventional method of production. Background to problem

Research problem

Major conclusion

Support for this conclusion

Another conclusion and statement of the significance of the findings reported


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