Uni Learning Next
Essay Writing
Reading Efficiently|Reading Critically|Acknowledgments

Efficient reading of journal articles: making connections between the parts

Read the following excerpts from different sections of journal articles. The question/s after each section will ask you to predict the type of information contained in other sections of the same journal article.

Excerpt from the INTRODUCTION of a journal article from biology.

Other studies have conducted analyses on faecal samples to determine feeding behaviour (Henry and Craig, 1984; Craig, 1985); however, as insect and plant exudates are almost totally digested and leave little trace in the faeces other indicators must be used to infer their digestion (Smith & Russell 1982). Faecal analysis, therefore, does not allow a precise determination of the relative importance of each of the separate dietary items. Qualitative observations of feeding behaviour in gliders have also been carried out (Henry and Craig, 1984; Kavanagh, 1987a,b). In these studies each observation is scored equal regardless of duration of the feeding; therefore, these data indicate only the presence or absence of food items in the diet, not their relative use. A study employing the use of timed (i.e. quantitative) feeding observations is necessary to give a better resolution of the species' dietary requirements. This study was aimed at achieving this by addressing the following question: are different food resources exploited in different proportions throughout the year by gliders?

Given the information provided in the introduction to this research article, what type of data do you think will be presented in the RESULTS section?


An analysis of the amount of time it was observed that gliders spent feeding from various identified food sources.

An analysis of gliders' faeces.

An analysis of the amount of time it was observed that gliders spent feeding from various identified food sources at several different times of the year.

An analysis of the various food sources gliders fed from during the observation.


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Acknowledgments Reading Critically Reading Efficiently