Read the following excerpts from different sections of journal articles. The
question/s after each section will ask you to predict the type of information
contained in other sections of the same journal article.
Excerpt from the INTRODUCTION of a journal article from biology.
Other studies have conducted analyses on faecal samples
to determine feeding behaviour (Henry and Craig, 1984; Craig, 1985); however,
as insect and plant exudates are almost totally digested and leave little trace
in the faeces other indicators must be used to infer their digestion (Smith &
Russell 1982). Faecal analysis, therefore, does not allow a precise determination
of the relative importance of each of the separate dietary items. Qualitative
observations of feeding behaviour in gliders have also been carried out (Henry
and Craig, 1984; Kavanagh, 1987a,b). In these studies each observation is
scored equal regardless of duration of the feeding; therefore, these data
indicate only the presence or absence of food items in the diet, not their
relative use. A study employing the use of timed (i.e. quantitative) feeding
observations is necessary to give a better resolution of the species' dietary
requirements. This study was aimed at achieving this by addressing the following
question: are different food resources exploited in different proportions
throughout the year by gliders?
Given the information provided in the introduction to this research article,
what type of data do you think will be presented in the RESULTS section?