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Academic Writing
Using Evidence

Integrating evidence: A summary

When incorporating the ideas and/or words of others into your writing, you:

bullet Must integrate those ideas and words into your argument as smoothly as possible;

bullet Should not simply describe other people's ideas or words without establishing your own argument.

Your essay should present a clear argument and should only use evidence from other sources to support what your essay is arguing.

NOTE: When directly quoting; that is, when using the exact words from your sources, you must ensure that you retain fully grammatical sentences. If you don't create a grammatical sentence when integrating a quote or paraphrased material, the meaning of what you want to say may be lost.

Click here for more information on the conventions bounding the use of direct and indirect quotations in academic writing.

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Summary Conventions Structures Words Introduction