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Academic Writing

When to use the passive:

when you want to focus on the person or thing affected by the action, or the action itself;

when it is not important who or what did the action;

when you want to be impersonal or more formal, as in most forms of academic writing.

Form the passive by:

turning the object of the active sentence into the subject of the passive sentence

changing the verb to a passive form by adding the appropriate form of the verb 'to be' and the past participle of the main verb.

Some faculties or schools within faculties discourage the use of the passive voice. Check on your department's protocol in regard to the passive voice before submitting your work.

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