Sentence fragments are strings of words that have been punctuated as
a sentence but are not valid sentences; that is, they don't contain all
the elements necessary to create a sentence. Sentence fragments are usually
incomplete ideas; for example,
Although the composition of the student body has changed dramatically.
This sentence does not convey a complete idea. If these words were spoken
to you, you would wait for the person to tell you the other half of the
Compare this to the following sentence:
Notice how this revised sentence presents a whole idea, made up of two
halves. These example sentences below also consist of two halves put together
to make a whole:
Because the young male population was engaged in the war, women were recruited into the domestic labour force.
Solids turn into liquids when they are heated.
Notice that one of the halves or clauses of the sentences above begin with words like 'although', 'because', or 'when'. This half is putting a condition on, or adding information to, the other half. It is a dependent clause: it can't stand on its own, but depends on another half to complete its meaning. Dependent clauses by themselves are sentence fragments; therefore, you must make sure that you join dependent clauses to independent clauses.
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