Paraphrasing is the process of rewriting someone else's idea(s) in your
own words. A paraphrase is usually around the same length as the original.
Look at the following example of the original text and the paraphrase.
Can you see that some of the important terminology has been used in the
paraphrase, but most of the grammatical elements have been changed?
|... the climate in most groups and organisations does
not encourage open expression of feelings. The necessity of hiding
feelings, Organisational Development practitioners believe, has a
negative effect not only on group members willingness and ability
to solve problems constructively, but also on job satisfaction and
From: Stoner, J. A.
F. & Wankel, C. (1986) Management. (3rd Edition), New Jersey:
|The emotional suppression encouraged by the workplace
negatively affects the employees problem solving ability, motivation,
enjoyment and productivity at work (Stoner and Wankel, 1986).
|Statistical analysis of the changes in radiographic
parameters of flatfeet at final follow-up demonstrated that the arch
improved in each group but that the children who wore special shoes
or inserts had no greater improvement than did the control children.
We concluded that the natural history of arch development from age
one to six years is for significant improvement, but that the amount
of improvement is not altered by wearing a corrective shoe or insert.
From: Wenger, D. R.
(1993) Flatfoot and Childrens shoes. in D. R. Wenger and M.
Rang (eds.) The Art and practice of Childrens Orthopaedics.
New York: Raven Press.
|Wengers (1993) findings indicated that wearing
corrective shoes is of no more benefit than ordinary shoes in improving
flat footedness in children.
|The education system has performed, on an even wider
scale, a major task of social control, training the growing workforce
in the discipline and work style necessary in a capitalist economy,
and systematically conveying acceptable ie safe
social attitudes to the rising generations.
From: Jagtenberg, T.
& DAlton, P. Four Dimensional Social Space, Harper
& Row, Sydney, 1988
|The education system serves two socialisation purposes:
to provide the necessary skills development to suit the demands of
the economy, and to teach the socially acceptable attitudes and values
of the day (Jagtenberg & DAlton, 1988).
Remember to reference your paraphrasing as it is still someone else's
idea you are using.
Beware of close paraphrasing where you only change a couple of words and
leave the rest in its original form, as you may risk being accused of
Comments and questions should
be directed to Unilearning@uow.edu.au