Academic Writing Style
It is important to note that knowing about the process of essay writing and how to structure an essay is important; however, knowing about the appropriate style and conventions to use in your writing is equally important. Academic writing is structured, formal and objective. Its language is often abstract and complex.
For example, compare the following two paragraphs: although the ideas expressed in the paragraphs are the same, one presents them in a much more formal, academic way.
The use of many language and grammatical devices have contributed to the formality of the first example paragraph. Rollover the paragraph below to see the various features annotated.
In the second example paragraph, grammatical features such as the use of everyday language, personal language, contractions, the active voice and phrasal verbs contribute to the more informal and personal nature of this paragraph. Although there are distinct differences apparent in different types of writing in the various university disciplines (i.e. writing in the sciences as compared to writing in a humanities based discipline), the language features evident in the first example contribute to an appropriate academic style.
Click here for more detailed information on the words, structures and
conventions of academic writing.
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