Uni Learning Previous Next
Effective Writing
Connectives
Introduction|Macro Features|Micro Features|Summary

Transition signals

Transition signals are used to join sentences, idea groups and paragraphs together.

Transition signals
Word
Functions
Words Example Sentences
Adding
information


in addition






moreover






furthermore




besides



in fact



also

The authors are critical of the illusions many organisations have of teamwork. In addition, they suggest that there are some common misunderstandings about 'how' teams actually work.
The authors are critical of the illusions many organisations have of teamwork. Moreover, these illusions lead to the use of teams in situations that fail to utilise their potential.
The authors are critical of the illusions many organisations have of teamwork. Furthermore, they suggest that these illusions are costing businesses large losses in productivity.
The author makes some insightful translations, besides capturing the poetic tone of the original piece.
Long term memory stores vast quantities of information; in fact it is regarded as the source of our intellectual prowess.
The author's translation is insightful, also capturing the poetic tone of the original piece.
Contrasting
information

on the other hand


in contrast




nevertheless



however




on the contrary




despite




by
comparison
The author's translation is insightful; on the other hand it fails to capture the poetic tone of the original piece.
Long term memory stores vast quantities of information; in contrast the storage capacity of working memory is much more limited.
The author's translation is insightful; nevertheless the piece sounds at its most poetic in the original Spanish.
Long term memory has a vast storage capacity; however the storage capacity of working memory is more limited.
Smith is critical of the overuse of teamwork in large organisations. On the contrary, Ferguson suggests productivity would be improved if they were further utilised.
The Reserve Bank's long term view of economic activity is grim despite the current healthy outlook of many economic indicators.
The dramatic staging of the play enhanced the suspense of the piece; by comparison the original version was much less sinister.
Comparing
information


similarly



also
The Reserve Bank's long term view of economic activity is grim. Similarly many economic indicators forecast a drop in current activity.
The author has made an insightful translation. Also, she has captured the poetic tone of the original piece.
Ordering
information
by time

after that



before that



then



at first



since then



firstly
secondly



next

lastly



eventually



gradually



finally
Trade opened between Japan and Europe; after that artists were exposed to Asian culture for the first time.
Trade opened between Japan and Europe. Before that artists had had little exposure to Asian culture.
Trade opened between Japan and Europe; then the art world began to acknowledge this new partnership.
Trade opened between Japan and Europe. At first, the art world did little to acknowledge this new partnership.
Trade opened between Japan and Europe; since then, the art world has done much to acknowledge this new partnership.
Firstly, trade opened between Japan and Europe; secondly, trade between China and Japan resumed.
Trade opened between Japan and Europe. Next, trade between China and Japan resumed; lastly, Japan sought to dismantle trade embargoes with the United States.
After the trade embargoes were abolished, eventually both parties realised the benefits of a trade partnership.
After the trade embargoes were abolished, gradually trade between Japan and Europe increased.
After the trade embargoes were abolished, finally both parties could capitalise upon their trade partnership.
Result/
causation

as a result


as a consequence


consequently



therefore


thus



hence




accordingly
Smith fails to provide evidence for her argument: as a result this text is flawed.
The subjects were not randomly distributed to groups; as a consequence the conclusion they have drawn is flawed.
No control group was included in the experiment: consequently, the conclusion they have drawn is invalid.
Smith fails to provide evidence for her argument; therefore, it is hardly convincing.
No control group was included in the experiment; thus, the conclusion drawn is rather ambiguous.
Smith fails to provide evidence for her argument; hence, her opinion has been widely criticised.
The subjects were not randomly distributed to groups. Accordingly, the implications of the conclusion are limited.
Conditional
otherwise


indeed
Smith tends to use emotive language, otherwise, her case is well argued.
Smith tends to use emotive language, indeed, this makes her case highly persuasive.
Concluding in conclusion



in summary



finally
In conclusion, teamwork has increasingly become the business strategy of the nineties.
In summary, the dietary needs of patients are important and should be the domain for trained nurses.
Finally, each of the memory systems operates in tandem to allow learning and cognition to occur
.
Exemplifying
information


for example



for instance
There are a number of users of this type of accounting information; for example, trade unions and their members.
The chef required many ingredients to prepare her banquet; for instance, fresh herbs and many types of mushrooms.

 

*This list is not exhaustive - but it should give a few ideas about transition words you can use.

References:
Ascher, A. (1993) Think About Editing: A Grammar Editing Guide for ESL Writers. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers

Oshima, A. & Hogue, A. (1991) Writing Academic English (2nd Ed). California: Addison Wesley.

Transition Signal is a term also used to describe sentences that act as a transition from one paragraph to another.

Activity

 

TOP



© Copyright 2000
Comments and questions should
be directed to Unilearning@uow.edu.au

 

Summary Micro Features Macro Features