Integrating evidence into your own writing
When integrating the evidence you've gathered into your essay, you must first look at your essay plan to decide where evidence needs to be placed in relation to the points youre making. Then you need to look at the particular paragraph in which a piece of evidence belongs to decide how it can be integrated, remembering that its role will be to support or expand on a point you've already made in your own words within that paragraph. In the paragraph below, you'll notice that evidence has been paraphrased or directly quoted and placed in a position that allows it to extend the point the writer is making in the topic sentence.
There are no rules about how many indirect and direct quotations you should use in your essay, but it is generally agreed that the use of indirect quotation (summaries and paraphrases) indicates a higher level of understanding. Try to paraphrase and summarise where possible, and only use direct quotations when you cannot put the ideas into your own words, where the quotation has clever wording, or where they are the exact words of some auspicious authority.
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